EDUCATION IN GHANA
Education in Ghana from nursery school up to an undergraduate degree level takes about 20 years. Children begin their education at the age of three or four starting from nursery school to kindergarten, then primary school (elementary school), junior high school and senior high school (secondary school), and finally university. The average age at which a child enters primary school is 6 years and Ghanaians have relatively easy access to good education. In the past decade, Ghana's spending on education has been between 28 percent and 40 percent of its annual budget.
The population of Ghana older generation (Baby boomer and Generation X) that were born prior to 1980 lacks education, which has left the population of Ghana younger generation (Generation Y and Generation Z) that were born after 1980 with all of Ghana's brain power to spearhead Ghana's current economic growth, digital economy and future newly industrialised country economy; the adult literacy rate in Ghana was 71.5% in 2010, with males at 78.3% and females at 65.3%.
Ghanaian children begin their education at the age of three or four starting from nursery school to kindergarten, then elementary school (primary school), high school (junior high school and senior high school) and finally university. The average age at which a Ghanaian child enters primary school is 6 years. Ghana has a 6-year primary school education system beginning at age six, and they pass on to a 3-year junior high school system.
At the end of the third year of junior high, there is a mandatory "Basic Education Certificate Examination". Those continuing must complete the 4 -year senior high school program (which has been changed to three years) and take an admission exam to enter any university or tertiary programme. The Ghanaian education system from nursery school up to an undergraduate degree level takes 20 years.
Ghana’s grading system is different at every point in education. From above, through the pre-school to the junior high, every grade a student gains is written in terms of numbers instead of alphabets, which is commonly known worldwide. This system does not follow the common way of grading, there are no 1+’s or 6+’s as a grade, unlike letter grades which use the system of pluses and minuses.